Chess is the apex of meaningful play for all the right reasons. It first creates new roles, and characteristics for inert three-dimensional figures. Inside the magic circle Chess ignites new modes of thought and creates uncanny situations of perception and suspense. The actions and decisions taken part in chess are both discernable, for example gaining the immediate advantage by capturing a key piece, or getting your opponents king in check. Yet, what separates chess from almost all other games is that every single move is an integrated part within the big picture of the game. There is absolutely no luck in chess, so that players have complete control over all the actions on the board. Few games can even compare to the amount of skill, and strategy required being a competitive chess player. It is arguable that Black has a greater chance to fail then White, yet the predictability of chess is extremely complicated, and elusive. The confined movements and numbers of the pieces will always be equal for both players, requiring only an advancement in thought process and technique, which I think is the root of Meaningful play.